PURE AND UNIQUE INGREDIENTS BACKED BY RESEARCH
GlycOmega™ brand Perna canaliculus (Green Lipped Mussel)
Natural components of the Perna canaliculus mussel work together to support joint health in a number of key areas. These include supporting the joint chondrocytes’ ability to biosynthesize cartilage through the ingredient’s provision of necessary building blocks, and through reduction of cartilage destroying pathways.
Research over the past 30 years has revealed that Perna contains a number of potentially active compounds that work against the destructive cycles of degenerative joint disease and inflammation. The mussel’s specialized nutrient combination (biologically active glycoproteins, chelated minerals, essential fatty acids, and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs)) supports the construction and repair of articular cartilage and reduces further deterioration of the joint.
Our research on Perna canaliculus has demonstrated that Perna contains potent anti-inflammatory agents, including the essential Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. Perna can alleviate inflammation by modulating the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, IL-1-, IL-2 and IL-6, cyclooxagenase enzymes and Immuoglobulin IgG. Perna has been shown to be an inhibitor of the COX -2 enzyme, which promotes inflammation. The presence of key GAGs in the product provides improved viscosity of synovial fluid, flexibility, and tensile strength of the articular cartilage.
The principle mechanisms of action of Perna include exerting an anti-inflammatory/analgesic response, reducing degradation of catabolic enzymes (which breakdown cartilage) and free radicals, and modulating the immune response to down regulate pro-inflammatory cytokines. Extensive clinical use in dogs, cats and horses has led to improved mobility, range of motion, and animal comfort.
N,N-Dimethyglycine is an important amino acid that can demonstrate a wide variety of health-building effects in companion animals. VetriScience® research has shown that this versatile nutrient can improve physical and mental performance, reduce the stress response, and improve cellular pathways by providing key building blocks, such as methyl groups and other metabolic intermediates found in the methylation cycle. DMG can support cardiovascular health, liver function, detoxification, neurological health and brain activity. DMG can enhance both the humoral and cellular immune response, which results in greater resistance to bacteria, viral, and other harmful pathogens.
A number of patents have been issued to FoodScience® Corporation, the parent company of VetriScience® Laboratories, for the use of DMG, including US Patent #7,229646B2 entitled, “Methods and Compositions for Modulating the Immune Response and for the Treatment of Inflammatory Disease.” The patent describes the combination of DMG with Perna to support those with autoimmune conditions. Our research was largely focused on a genetic line of mice that mimicked human lupus erythematosus.
The combination was effective in reducing specific markers for the condition including anti-nuclear antibodies and inflammatory cytokines, and in suppressing the development of glomerulonephritis and lymphadenopathy in the mice. In several cases, individuals with the condition of lupus have found significant improvement in their health by using this combination.
N,N-Dimethylglycine can demonstrate antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, reduce lactic acid buildup, support oxygenation of tissues, and provide methylation for the synthesis for many important molecules in the body including SAMe, glutathione, nucleic acids, hormones, antibodies, and neurotransmitters. Because of its wide benefits to support health and well being, DMG has been called a metabolic enhancer.
CurcuVET® (Curcumin Phytosome®) Curcuma longa root Extract/Phosphatidylcholine Complex
Curcumin is the principle cuminoid orange pigment found in Tumeric, which offers potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory support to dogs and cats. CurcuVET® is the branded curcumin product from Indena which offers improved oral absorption by incorporating Phytosome® technology. This process complexes curcumin with phoshatidylcholine, which provides hydrolytical stability, as well as increases absorption and bioavailability of curcumin to the body. Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrate a nearly 30-fold increase in bioavailability as compared to standard curcumin extracts.
CurcuVET®’s mode of activity focuses on its ability to both maintain a healthy inflammatory response and provide antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity. As an antioxidant, curcumin has been shown to be an effective scavenger of both ROS and reactive nitrogen species in vitro. It can also inhibit the activity of inflammatory enzymes, such as MMP-9, and promote the synthesis of Glutathione. Extensive studies have proven curcumin to be a potent COX-2 and 5-LOX inhibitor and consequently an important supplement to support joint health.
CurcuVET® is becoming the supplement of choice to normalize the inflammatory response and provide greater comfort when dealing with conditions of the joint, liver, gastrointestinal tract, and cardiovascular system.
Casperome® (Boswellia Phytosome®) Boswellia serrata Extract/Phosphatidylcholine Complex
Casperome® is a highly standardized and purified mixture of the tripenoid acids found in the gum resin of Boswellia serrata. Due to the digestive tract’s poor absorption of these compounds, Casperome® has been formulated using the advanced Phytosome® technology to optimize bioavailability of active components. When complexed with selective phospholipids, the formulation offers a significant increase in both plasma and tissue concentrations (such as those found in the eye and brain) of the key components in Boswellia.
The key mode of activity for Casperome® lies in its proven anti-inflammatory response in both in vitro and animal studies. Boswellic acids, such as 11-keto-beta Boswellia (KBA) and its acetylated counterpart (AKBA), act as selective 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors, resulting in Boswellia’s ability to manage the inflammatory response. Recent findings suggest its capability to modulate both the inflammatory response of the proinflammatory cathepsin enzymes and the microsomal prostaglandin E-synthase. Boswellia extracts have shown their effectiveness in management of inflammatory responses in the joints, bowels, bones, respiratory system, skin and brain.
LeucoSelect® (Grape Seed Phytosome®) Vitis vinifera L. seed Extract/Phosphatidylcholine Complex
LeucoSelect® is the branded, standardized grape seed extract from Indena, which employs their Phytosome® technology for enhanced bioavailability. Grape seed extracts contain polyphenolic compounds known as oligomeric procyanidins (OPCs), which have been found to have pronounced antioxidant activity in the body. Procyanidins are derivatives of the flavin-3-ol class of flavonoids, including catechins and epicatechins. The OPCs in grape seed extracts consist of dimers, trimmers, and tetrameters, as well as higher molecular weight species, which generally have poor bioavailability. LeucoSelect® grape seed extract has a well-defined chemical composition critical to its therapeutic activity. To improve the biological activity and bioavailability, Indena has removed the higher molecular weight OPCs and concentrated the more active, smaller sized oligomers, formulating them with their patented Phytosome® technology (complexed with phosphatidylcholine).
Several clinical studies have demonstrated LeucoSelect® Phytosome®’s support for cardiovascular health. The OPCs are especially known for their capillary protective effect and anti-atherosclerosis activity, and for the ability to reduce oxidative stress. Their antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging is especially effective against hydroxyl and peroxyl radicals, which oxidize low-density lipoproteins. They have also exhibited anti-inflammatory response.
Research has demonstrated LeucoSelect®’s ability to reduce oxidative stress and to support plasma antioxidant defenses, both in physiological and clinical conditions. The product represents an effective and safe way to support cardiovascular health and protect the body from free radical damage.
Resverasyn® (Microencapsulated trans-Resveratrol)
Trans-Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in nature, primarily in red wines, grape juice, mulberries and peanuts. It has exhibited both anti-aging and immune building properties in studies. Multiple longevity studies have shown that trans–resveratrol can have life-extending effects, which most probably result from strong antioxidant and adaptogenic properties.
As a nutraceutical, it can support cardiovascular system, immune response and nervous system functions. It is largely known for its anti-inflammatory activity. Resverasyn® is a high purity, bioactive, microencapsulated formulation of trans-resveratrol. Microencapsulation protects the product from oxidation caused by light, heat and oxygen, allowing the tissues of the body to absorb and utilize a higher concentration of the actives.
Its principle mode of action is the activation of the enzyme Sirtuin 1, which deacylates the PGC-1 alpha (a peroxisome proliferator), thereby reducing the gene expression of inflammatory mediators. The results: an increase in lipolysis in the White Adipose tissue, increased insulin activity in the muscles and reduced inflammation in cells through a reduction of both expression of NF-kB (Nuclear factor-kappa beta) and formation of TNF-Alpha, a pro-inflammatory cytokine.
Research has shown that low-grade or silent inflammation can lead to joint discomfort, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and lymphocyte activation. These issues can in turn contribute to Type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, atherosclerosis and brain disorders. Current applications for Resverasyn® in bone and joint health include the protection of bone and cartilage cells from inflammation and oxidation damage. Further, it helps manage healthy inflammatory responses in multiple tissues, reduce insulin resistance and promote mitochondrial biogenesis.
HyaMax® (Hyaluronic Acid) Low Molecular Weight Sodium Hyaluronate
HyaMax® is the standardized natural sodium salt of Hyaluronic Acid (HA) from Fenchem.
HA is a polysaccharide with a large molecular weight composed of repeating disaccharide units of Glucuronic Acid and N-acetyl glucosamine. It is a non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) found in cartilage and joint synovial fluid, as well as in other connective tissue, skin and eyes. HA is the key component of joint tissue where it serves as the backbone of the very large proteoglycan aggregates, which, when combined with collagen, give cartilage its structure.
Its key function is to bind with large amounts of water (1000 times its own weight) for lubricating the movable parts of the joint, providing shock absorber activity. In the synovial fluid, HA acts as a lubricant to reduce wear and tear on the joints.
HyaMax® HA is a low molecular weight material (1.0 to 1.5 million Daltons). As an oral supplement, HA is primarily used to support joint and skin health.
The mechanism of action of oral intake of Hyaluronic Acid is not directly linked to providing building blocks for synthesis in the joints. Instead, once the low molecular HA is absorbed into the bloodstream, it communicates with the immune system to trigger an anti-inflammatory response. This action stimulates the production of new HA in the joint, which improves joint lubrication, shock absorption and comfort level.
The GI tract absorbs only 5-10 percent of the HA. Because the recommended dosage of HA is 0.1 mg per pound of body weight, only a relatively small amount is absorbed. Still, that small amount is adequate to stimulate the desired response. Research supports the use of HA supplements for joint health in both dogs and horses.
RST 247 (Proprietary Oil Blend, Soy Lecithin, Cranberry Powder)
RST 247 is a first-of-its-kind nutraceutical ingredient that focuses on the problems associated with “silent inflammation” in the body. This natural product is produced from functional, bioactive oils that have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, and is designed to keep the body’s inflammation response to acute tissue injury or irritation to a minimum. RST 247 has an L-ORAC value of 5,932 umol Eq Trolox/100gm. It strengthens cell membrane integrity thereby strengthening muscle cells and making them less prone to breakage. This oil blend is especially beneficial for dealing with undifferentiated GI tract problems that result in an overactive inflammatory response.
The ingredient is formulated from oils containing unsaponifiable lipids, essential fatty acids, and Ricinoleic Acid, which have both anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activity. It also contains hydroxy fatty acids, phenolic fatty acids and alcohols that function as gut regulators by both reducing the inflammatory response and acting against gram-negative bacteria. Further, the product contains proanthocyanidin complexes, which provide a wide range of protective properties, including immune modulation, detoxification and protection from lipid peroxidation.
RST 247 can help restore cell membranes, provide better immune response, improve gastric and intestinal integrity, improve intestinal digestion and nutrient absorption, and reduce irritation of the intestinal tract. Stressed animals with compromised GI tracts and immune systems have shown positive improvements when using RST 247.
Transfer Factor ap™ Blend
The Transfer Factor ap™ Blend in our Immuno DMG™ Pro has been extensively researched and patented. Transfer Factors are naturally occurring immune active proteins known as lymphokines. These small polypeptides derived from bovine colostrum are the communication, memory, and educational molecules of the immune system. They serve as immune messenger molecules that transfer antigenic immune recognition signals between lymphoctyes (white blood cells), thus enhancing the immune response. The Transfer Factor ap™ Blend can be described as being a blend of immunoglobulins, interferons, interleukins, lymphkines, growth factors, transfer factors, and proline rich peptides.
There are over three thousand peer-reviewed articles on transfer factors and their role in cell mediated immunity. Studies suggest that transfer factors increase natural killer cell activity by 300% and increase the functionality of T-Helper cells. The Transfer Factor ap™ Blend contains a broad antioxidant profile. It should be noted that the blend is not an immune stimulant but functions to normalize and modulate the immune system up or down depending on the condition of the animal.
The veterinary use of the Transfer Factor ap™ Blend is very broad and can be used effectively with any animal that is suffering from a wide range of health issues, including a weak immune system, gastrointestinal problems, inflammation, muscle degeneracy, stress, chronic fatigue, infertility, and other conditions that have rendered the animal to a weakened state.
Beta glucans are found broadly in nature and are primarily derived from yeast cell walls and medicinal mushrooms. Beta glucans are highly branched polysaccharides with antioxidant and immune enhancing properties. Glucans MY™ is a special blend of beta glucans derived from several sources that have beneficial effects on the immune, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal and liver systems. Beta glucans have antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties.
Studies suggest that beta glucans might stimulate immune function by increasing the number of T-helper cells, by increasing the activity of natural killer cells, or by increasing the levels of interferon gamma and tumor necrosis factor alpha. Beta glucans can also increase macrophage activity and enhance recovery from immunosuppression. Because of their broad immune-enhancing properties, beta glucans have multiple applications in animal health programs.
Maitake PD-Fraction® (Grifola frondosa) Extract
Maitake mushrooms are rich in beta glucans, and extracts of Maitake PD-Fraction® are trademarked, highly purified, and standardized to contain 30% pure D-Fraction® of the Maitake mushroom. The D-Fraction® of beta glucan is the most active and potent form. Maitake extracts support immune health by stimulating macrophage activity and activating toxic T cells and cytokines of the immune system.
The extract is considered to be one of the strongest immune building nutrients in the arsenal of nutritional supplements. PD-Fraction® is also effective in supporting cardiovascular health and in addressing blood sugar abnormalities. Maitake PD-Fraction® can be used effectively in animals with immune suppression to enhance their recoveries from a number of degenerative conditions.
C3™ (Colostrum Calming Complex)
The C3™ (Colostrum Calming Complex) is a mixture of bioactive proteins produced from a special microfiltration process of certified bovine colostrum. This specific fraction of the colostrum possesses proven calming or anxiolytic properties. The carefully monitored process assures the bioactive components are separated and isolated without the application of denaturing heat or physical stressor. The C3™ Complex contains bioactive, proline-rich proteins, special monosaccharides and specific fatty acids that work together to enhance the calming activity of the colostrum fraction.
The Colostrum Calming Complex supports brain activity, relaxation and cognitive function. Its effectiveness in dogs and cats may be due in part to its ability to enhance the effect of Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter that inhibits brain activity. It is thought that the C3™ Complex provides molecular precursors that support the calming response by normalizing cognitive and brain functions associated with excessive brain activity.
L-Theanine (Suntheanine® Brand)
Theanine is the major amino acid found in green tea responsible for its relaxation property. Suntheanine® is the patented dietary supplement for stress reduction, relaxation and better sleep efficiency. This anti-stress nutrient is thought to produce its anti-anxiety effect by increasing levels of GABA and serotonin in the brain, and by blocking the binding of glutamic acid to cell receptor site.
Clinical trials have shown that Suntheanine® promotes an alert state of relaxation without causing drowsiness, as indicated by an increase in Alpha brain waves and a decrease in Beta brain wave activity. Studies have demonstrated that Suntheanine® is effective in helping dogs and cats deal with separation anxiety, fear behavior and environmental stressors.